China

These interviews, conducted in the early 2000s, reflect the scope and complexity of the contemporary Chinese women's movement. The interviewees were born between the late 1930s and the early 1960s, and they discuss a broad range of topics, including China’s transformation from a socialist state economy to a capitalist market economy, the history of state feminism, the rise of women’s studies as a discipline, negotiating the relationships with NGOs and the United Nations. They also touch on social issues such as domestic violence, women’s legal rights, and rural development. The interviews illustrate the multi-dimensional development of feminist practices in China. For more historical context and information about China, see our country site introduction. For the thematic film, a useful introduction that provides some context for women's activism and scholarship in China, see our thematic video and transcript.

 

Ai Xiaoming, born in 1953, is a feminist literary scholar and the co-producer and director of the Chinese version of The Vagina Monologues, one of the activities of the Stop Domestic Violence network. She is Deputy Director of the Women's Studies Center and director of the Sex/Gender Education Forum in Zhongshan University, Guangzhou. 
Keywordsacademia, women's studies, education, gender-based violence, politics, law, family roles
Media: Transcript (
English, Mandarin), Video (English,
Mandarin), Bibliography 

 

 

Chen Mingxia, born in 1948, is a researcher at the Institute for Legal Research of the China Academy of Social Sciences, and was one of the leaders who initiated an anti-domestic violence project that developed into the first large scale women's NGO in China, Stop Domestic Violence. She headed this first national women's network. 
Keywordseducation, gender-based violence, family roles
Media: Transcript
(EnglishMandarin), Video (English, Mandarin), Bibliography

 

 

Gao Xiaoxian, born in 1948, is Secretary General of the Shaanxi Research Association for Women and Family. Working as an official in the Shaanxi Provincial Women's Federation, Gao has been a pivotal figure in establishing this influential non-governmental women's organization, and has also been involved in rural development projects.
Keywordsacademica, women's studies, education, rural women, land reform
Media: Transcript (
EnglishMandarin),
Video (English, Mandarin), Bibliography

 

 

Ge Youli, born in 1962, is the China Country Director for the Global Alliance for Workers and Communities in Guangzhou. She has worked at the Ford Foundation and at the United Nations Development Program in Beijing, becoming involved in many feminist projects in China.
Keywordsgender-based violence, politics, law, family roles
Media: Transcript
(EnglishMandarin), Video (English, Mandarin), Bibliography 

 

 

He Zhonghua, born in 1937, is a professor of literature from the Naxi ethnic minority. She established a women's studies center in the Academy of Social Sciences and a minority women research center in Yunnan. She has worked on many projects ranging from improving ethnic minority women's health to empowering women to participate in rural development.
Keywordsacademia, women's studies, education, minority feminism, interesectionality, rural women, land reform
Media: Transcript
(EnglishMandarin), 
Video (English, Mandarin)Bibliography

 

 

Li Huiying, born in 1957, is Professor of Sociology and assistant Director of the Women Research Center of the Central Party School, providing training for senior level Chinese Communist Party officials. She has succeeded in incorporating courses on gender studies in the official curriculum and runs feminist workshops for faculty nationwide.
Keywordsacademia, women's studies, education, politics, law, family roles, rural women, land reform
Media: Transcript
(EnglishMandarin),
Video (English, Mandarin), Bibliography

 

 

 

Liu Bohong, born in 1951, is Deputy Director of the Institute of Research on Women of the All-China Women's Federation, circulating feminism and promoting gender-awareness in the Chinese government system, notably formulating national programs that implement the 1995 UN Platform for Action. 
Keywordsacademia, women's studies, education, gender-based violence, politics, law, reproductive rights, rural women, land reform
Media: Transcript (
EnglishMandarin),
Video (English, Mandarin), Bibliography

 

 

 

Wang Cuiyu, born in 1935, was the executive secretary of the Shanghai Association of Women's Studies, affiliated with the Shanghai Women's Federation. She played a leading role in a national organization for women's career development and set up a women's school in Shanghai to provide vocational training for laid-off women. 
Keywordspolitics, law, family roles, rural women, land reform
Media: Transcript (
EnglishMandarin), 
Video (English, Mandarin)
 

 

Wang Xingjuan, born in 1931, was an editor at the Beijing Publishing House and started the first women's domestic violence hot line in China. This became the Maple Women's Counseling Center, one of the earliest women's NGOs in China. At the last contact, she was serving as the director. 
Keywordsgender-based violence, politics, law
Media: Transcript (
English, Mandarin), 
Video (English, Mandarin), Bibliography

 

 

Zhang Li Xi, born in 1953, is President of the China Women's University, affiliated with the All-China Women's Federation. Under her leadership, the CWU created the first Women's Studies Department in China, and the first Women's Studies major. 
Keywordsacademia, women's studies, gender-based violence, minority feminism, intersectionality, politics, law, rural women, land reform
Media: Transcript (
EnglishMandarin),
Video (English, Mandarin)Bibliography

 

 

 

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